THE SENATE OF MALAWI
On January 11th 2001, the Parliament of Malawi voted in favour of the suppression of the Senate, whereas traditional chiefs and other sectors of society (the Church, trade unions and human rights protection organisations) were against this decision.
This assembly - established by the 1994 Constitution - had never been set up.
I. - COMPOSITION
80 senators, of whom :
- 48 elected in the districts ;
- 32 elected by their peers.
II. - ELECTORAL SYSTEM
A - Voting system
1) In each of the 24 districts :
a) a senator shall be elected by secret ballot, within the 30 days following the local elections, among people registered on the district electoral lists by the district council ;
b) a senator shall be elected by secret ballot, within the 30 days following the local elections, among the chiefs registered on the district electoral lists, by a college composed of all the chiefs of the district.
2) 32 senators shall be elected with a 2/3 majority by all the senators, following the proposals of a committee of Nomination, provided always that it is made up of representatives of different sectors of society (women, handicapped people, health, education sectors, agriculture, commerce, and trade unions), representatives of society (chosen for their expertise in national social, cultural or technological development matters), and representatives of the main religions of Malawi.
The committee of Nomination of the Senate shall be set up within the 45 days following the local elections. It comprises the President of the National Assembly, the Ombudsman, and 7 senators, elected in the districts, appointed by the National Assembly.
B - Minimum age for eligibility : 35 years.