THE PALAU SENATE
A non-partisan entity. No Political Parties Exist.
I - COMPOSITION
9 elected senators.
The number of senators is determined by an independent commission, according to the size of the population.
II - ELECTORAL SYSTEM
Method of election: direct election by a simple majority within three plurinominal or uninominal constituencies (4 for northern region, 9 for the capital Koror and one for the southern islands).
Term of office: 4 years. Last elections: 7 november 2000 (the previous one took place on 5 November 1996 -first election of this kind since the country's independence in October 1994-).
Eligibility: Must be over 25, a citizen of Palau, and have been resident in the country for at least five years prior to the date of elections, and in the constituency for at least one year prior to the date of elections.
III - RELATIONS WITH THE OTHER CHAMBER AND THE EXECUTIVE
The Parliament, the "Olbiil Era Kelulau", is made up of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.
The Senate and the Chamber of Deputies have equal powers, subject to additional powers entrusted to the Senate (see below IV-B).
The Senate has 11 standing committees created to study draft bills, resolutions and other issues.
Special or ad hoc committees may be created if necessary.
IV - SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS
A - WITHDRAWAL OF A SENATOR'S MANDATE
Senators may lose their seat through recall or an impeachment procedure.
B - GOVERNING BODIES OF THE SENATE
The Senate is governed by the President, the Vice-President and the "floor leader".
An executive committee comprises the governing body of the Senate and all the Chairs of the standing committees.
C - POWERS OF APPOINTMENT
The Senate has sole power for advising and approving presidential appointments.